Art During the Renaissance - Donatello
By Emma Williams

Donatello was a famous artist and sculptor from Florence, Italy. He lived from 1386 to 1466, which were the early years of the Italian Renaissance. He had a huge impact on art, not only in Italy but throughout the world. Donatello was the first artist during the Renaissance to create a nude sculpture with his statue of David, and his equestrian statue, Gattamelata is thought to be one of the best proportioned statues ever created. Donatello was also the first artist to create a bronze statue, which lead other artists to innovate and begin to use new materials. His techniques are still used by sculptors and artists today. Donatello's most famous works include St. Mark, St. George Tabernacle, Prophet Habacuc, The Feast of Herod, David, Equestrian Monument of Gattamelata, Mary Magdalene and Judith and Holofernes.

Donatello's David

Davide_(Donatello).jpg
Donatello was a distinct realist and this is reflected in the revolutionary sculpture shown above. This statue of David, depicts him with his foot on Goliath's head, after David has just defeated the giant. Because of Donatello's realist beliefs, all of his works depicted people with real proportions. This statue is a breakthrough in several ways. As I mentioned previously it is the first nude statue produced during the Renaissance, and it is also the first statue made of bronze during the Renaissance period. The fact that David is naked in this representation increases the idea that God is present. This is because, the fact that he is not wearing any clothing increases his vulnerability which increases the contrast between the armoured giant and the young (nude) boy. This suggests that it must have been God's will that David beat the giant.







References
- http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/donatello.htm
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donatello#Main_works
- http://library.thinkquest.org/15962/data/donatello.html
- http://gallery.euroweb.hu/bio/d/donatell/biograph.html